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Irish Child Health Database - Peer Reviewed Papers

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  • Fruit and vegetable consumption and bone mineral density: the Northern Ireland Young Hearts Project

    Published in:

    Am J Clin Nutr, Vol: 80, Page: 1019-23

    Publication Date:

    October 2004

    Aims & Objectives:

    The aim of this study was to determine whether usual fruit and vegetable intakes reported by adolescents have any influence on bone mineral density


    BACKGROUND: Studies examining the relation between bone mineral density (BMD) and fruit and vegetable consumption during adolescence are rare. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine whether usual fruit and vegetable intakes reported by adolescents have any influence on BMD. DESIGN: BMD was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at the nondominant forearm and dominant heel in a random sample of 12-y-old boys (n = 324), 12-y-old girls (n = 378), 15-y-old boys (n = 274), and 15-y-old girls (n = 369). Usual fruit and vegetable consumption was assessed by an interviewer-administered diet history method. Relations between BMD and fruit and vegetable intake were assessed by using regression modeling. RESULTS: Using multiple linear regression to adjust for the potential confounding influence of physical and lifestyle factors, we observed that 12-y-old girls consuming high amounts of fruit had significantly higher heel BMD (beta = 0.037; 95% CI: 0.017, 0.056) than did the moderate fruit consumers. No other associations were observed. CONCLUSION: High intakes of fruit may be important for bone health in girls. It is possible that fruit's alkaline-forming properties mediate the body's acid-base balance. However, intervention studies are required to confirm the findings of this observational study.


    C. P. McGartland; P. J. Robson; L. J. Murray; G. W. Cran; M. J. Savage; D. C. Watkins; M. M. Rooney; C. A. Boreham

    Study Type:

    Study Papers » Cross Sectional Study » Descriptive Studies - Without a comparision


    fruit and vegetable; bone mineral density

    International Classification:

    Diet and skeletal growth



    Northern Ireland (Northern Ireland)