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Irish Child Health Database - Peer Reviewed Papers

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You are here: Irish Child Health Database » Study Papers » Descriptive Studies - With a comparative dimension: time, geography, treatment, procedures » Epidemiology - descriptive, incidence, prevalence and/or trends
  • Secular trends, disease maps and ecological analyses of the incidence of childhood onset Type 1 diabetes in Northern Ireland, 1989-2003

    Published in:

    Diabet Med, Vol: 24, Page: 289-95

    Publication Date:

    March 2007

    Aims & Objectives:

    The aim of this study was to examine trends in the incidence of Type 1 diabetes in Northern Ireland over the period 1989-2003

    Abstract:

    AIMS: To investigate secular trends in the incidence of Type 1 diabetes in Northern Ireland over the period 1989-2003. To highlight geographical variations in the incidence of Type 1 diabetes by producing disease maps and to compare incidence rates by relevant area characteristics. METHODS: New cases of Type 1 diabetes in children aged 0-14 years in Northern Ireland were prospectively registered from 1989 to 2003. Standardized incidence rates were calculated and secular trends investigated. Bayesian methodology was used to produce maps of disease incidence using small geographical areas (582 electoral wards). Ecological analyses were conducted using Poisson regression to investigate incidence rates by area characteristics at a finer geographical subdivision (5022 census output areas). RESULTS: In Northern Ireland during 1989-2003, there were 1433 new cases, giving a directly standardized incidence rate of 24.7 per 100,000 person-years. This incidence rate increased by a mean of 4.2% per annum. Disease maps highlighted higher incidence rates in the predominately rural north-east of the province and lower incidence rates in the urban areas around Belfast in the east and Derry in the north-west of the province. Ecological analysis identified higher incidence in rural areas (P < 0.001), areas with low migration rates (P = 0.002), affluent areas (P < 0.0001), sparsely populated areas (P = 0.0001) and remote areas (P = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS In Northern Ireland the incidence of Type 1 diabetes is increasing. The observed higher incidence in rural, affluent, sparsely populated and remote areas may reflect a reduced or delayed exposure to infections in these areas.

    Authors:

    C. R. Cardwell; D. J. Carson; C. C. Patterson

    Study Type:

    Study Papers » Epidemiology - descriptive, incidence, prevalence and/or trends » Descriptive Studies - With a comparative dimension: time, geography, treatment, procedures

    Categories:

    type 1 diabetes

    International Classification:

    Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases - Diabetes mellitus - type 1 diabetes mellitus

    Keywords:


    Geography:

    Northern Ireland (Northern Ireland)