Skip Navigation, or press ALT and K together and then press enter.Welcome to the OMC website. This site has been developed for both the visually impaired and non visually impaired. If you would like to use the visually impaired version of this site please go to omc.gov.ie/viewtxt.asp, or press ALT and I together and then press enter

Irish Child Health Database - Peer Reviewed Papers

Database Search


You are here: Irish Child Health Database » Study Papers » Descriptive Studies - With a comparative dimension: time, geography, treatment, procedures » Epidemiology - descriptive, incidence, prevalence and/or trends
  • Surveillance of endophthalmitis following cataract surgery in the UK

    Published in:

    Eye, Vol: 18, Page: 580-7

    Publication Date:

    June 2004

    Aims & Objectives:

    The aim of this study was to examine the incidence of acute-onset presumed infectious endophthalmitis following cataract surgery in the United Kingdom and provide epidemiological data on presentation, management, microbiology, and endophthalmitis cases

    Abstract:

    AIMS: To estimate the incidence of acute-onset presumed infectious endophthalmitis (PIE) following cataract surgery in the UK and provide epidemiological data on the presentation, management, microbiology, and outcome of cases of endophthalmitis. METHODS: Cases were identified prospectively by active surveillance through the British Ophthalmological Surveillance Unit reporting card system, for the 12-month period October 1999 to September 2000 inclusive. Questionnaire data were obtained from ophthalmologists throughout the UK at baseline and 6 months after diagnosis. Under-reporting was estimated by independently contacting units with infection databases. RESULTS: Data were available on 213 patients at baseline and 201 patients at follow-up. The minimum estimated incidence of PIE was 0.086 per 100 cataract extractions and the corrected incidence was 0.14 per 100 cataract extractions. For the management of PIE, 96% of patients received intravitreal, 30% subconjunctival, 65% oral, and 17% intravenous antibiotics. In all, 17% of patients received intravitreal steroid. From the intraocular samples taken for microbiological analysis, 56% were culture positive. At follow-up, 48% of patients achieved visual acuity of 6/12 or better and 66% achieved better than 6/60. 13% of patients were unable to perceive light or had evisceration of the globe. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of PIE after cataract surgery in the UK is comparable to that of other studies. Approximately 50% of patients achieved a visual acuity close to the driving standard.

    Authors:

    S. Kamalarajah; G. Silvestri; N. Sharma; A. Khan; B. Foot; R. Ling; G. Cran; R. Best

    Study Type:

    Study Papers » Epidemiology - descriptive, incidence, prevalence and/or trends » Descriptive Studies - With a comparative dimension: time, geography, treatment, procedures

    Categories:

    endophthalmitis

    International Classification:

    Diseases of the eye and adnexa - Disorders of vitreous body and globe - endophthalmitis

    Keywords:


    Geography:

    the United Kingdom (UK)