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Irish Child Health Database - Peer Reviewed Papers

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You are here: Irish Child Health Database » Study Papers » Descriptive Studies - With a comparative dimension: time, geography, treatment, procedures » Epidemiology - descriptive, incidence, prevalence and/or trends
  • Primary tooth fluorosis in 5-year-old schoolchildren in Ireland

    Published in:

    Eur J Paediatr Dent, Vol: 6, Page: 155-61

    Publication Date:

    September 2005

    Aims & Objectives:

    The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of primary tooth fluorosis in the dentitions of 5-year-old schoolchildren

    Abstract:

    AIM: This was to determine the prevalence of primary tooth fluorosis in the dentitions of 5-year-old schoolchildren. A subsidiary aim was to investigate whether an association existed between the presence of primary tooth fluorosis, fluoridation status, infant feeding practices or the oral hygiene practices of the child. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional and stratified by fluoridation status study. METHODS: Fluorosis was recorded using a modification of the Tooth Surface Index of Fluorosis (TSIF). Demographic data, information on infant feeding practices and oral hygiene practices were collected via a parental questionnaire. STATISTICS: Stepwise logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Fluorosis prevalence in the fluoridated group (n=208) was 32%; 29.3% (n=61) had a modified TSIF score of 1; 2.4% (n=5) had a modified TSIF score of 2; and 1% (n=1) had a modified TSIF score of 5. In the non-fluoridated group (n=86) one child had a modified TSIF score of 1. Primary tooth prevalence of fluorosis in the entire sample (n=294) was 23%. Factors that were associated with primary tooth fluorosis were: fluoridation status (p= 0.0003, 95% CI = 5-281) and the age at which toothbrushing with toothpaste commenced (p = 0.016, 95% C.I. 1.1 - 3.8). No association with infant feeding practices was identified. CONCLUSION: The overall prevalence of primary tooth fluorosis was 23%. Lifetime residence in a fluoridated area and commencement of toothbrushing with toothpaste between 12 and 18 months of age were associated with primary tooth fluorosis. No association with infant feeding practices was identified.

    Authors:

    M. A. Harding; H. Whelton; D. M. O'Mullane; M. Cronin; J. J. Warren

    Study Type:

    Study Papers » Epidemiology - descriptive, incidence, prevalence and/or trends » Descriptive Studies - With a comparative dimension: time, geography, treatment, procedures

    Categories:

    primary tooth fluorosis

    International Classification:

    Dental

    Keywords:


    Geography:

    Republic of Ireland ((Cork city and county/ fluoridated and not fluoridated communities))