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Irish Child Health Database - Peer Reviewed Papers

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  • Altered gene level expression of thyroid hormone receptors alpha-1 and beta-1 in the lung of nitrofen-induced diaphragmatic hernia

    Published in:

    J Pediatr Surg, Vol: 36, Page: 1675-8

    Publication Date:

    November 2001

    Aims & Objectives:

    The aim of this study was to investigate gene level expression of TR-alpha1 and TR-beta1 in the lung of nitrofen-induced congenital diaphragmatic hernia using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)

    Abstract:

    PURPOSE: Thyroid receptor alpha-1 (TR-alpha1) and thyroid receptor beta-1 (TR-beta1) are thought to be essential for the fetal and postnatal development of the lung. The authors investigated gene level expression of TR-alpha1 and TR-beta1 in the lung of nitrofen-induced congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). METHODS: CDH was induced in pregnant rats after administration of 100 mg nitrofen on day 9.5 of gestation. Cesarean section was performed on day 21 of gestation. The fetuses were divided into 3 groups: normal controls (n = 16), nitrofen-induced CDH (n = 16), and nitrofen-treated without CDH (n = 16). mRNA was extracted from the left lung in each group. RT-PCR was performed to evaluate mRNA expressions of TR-alpha1 and TR-beta1. Levels of mRNA were expressed as a ratio of the band density divided by that of beta-actin, a house-keeping gene. RESULTS: TR-alpha1 mRNA expression was decreased significantly in CDH lung (1.618 +/- 0.148) compared with controls (2.658 +/- 0.251; P <.01) and nitrofen-treated without CDH lung (2.232 +/- 0.193; (P <.05). TR-beta1 mRNA expression also was significantly decreased in CDH lung (2.223 +/- 0.270) compared with controls (3.569 +/- 0.262; P <.01) and nitrofen-treated without CDH lung (3.235 +/- 0.299; P <.05). CONCLUSION: These data suggest that the downregulation of thyroid hormone signaling pathway through altered expression of TR-alpha1 and TR-beta1 during lung morphogenesis may be a contributory factor in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypoplasia in nitrofen-induced CDH.

    Authors:

    H. Teramoto; N. Guarino; P. Puri

    Study Type:

    Study Papers » Animal Study » Papers reporting secondary research

    Categories:

    TR-alpha1 and TR-beta1; congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    Keywords:


    Geography:

    Republic of Ireland (Republic of Ireland)